alcalde


alcalde
(Sp. model spelled same [alkájde] < Arabic al-quadl 'the judge')
   DARE: 1821 (Texas). Hoy notes that in colonial times this term referred to a town leader who wore several hats. He could act as judge in both civil and some minor criminal matters. He was also the presiding authority in the alcaldía, holding a higher position than the regidores, city legislators who collected tribute along with the alcalde. In Texas, during the 1830s, the term broadened significantly in meaning. Watts indicates that what it signified was roughly equivalent to a combination of mayor, chief of police and judge in the Southwest, particularly among the Mexican poblados. Clark adds that the term was also used to refer to a "somewhat important or self-important local person." Bentley notes that the term is sometimes confused with Spanish alcaide, meaning "the officer charged with the defense of a fort or castle." According to the DRAE, the term can refer to the president of a town council (or mayor) or to a municipal judge.
   Alternate forms: alcade, alcaide.
   Although Hollywood has greatly exaggerated the type and frequency of criminal activities that cowboys engaged in, no doubt a few renegades appeared before an alcalde to answer to the demands of justice.

Cowboy Talk. A Dictionary of Spanish Terms. . 2013.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • alcalde — (Del ár. hisp. alqáḍi, y este del ár. clás. qāḍī, juez). 1. m. Presidente del ayuntamiento de un pueblo o término municipal, encargado de ejecutar sus acuerdos, dictar bandos para el buen orden, salubridad y limpieza de la población, y cuidar de… …   Diccionario de la lengua española

  • Alcalde — (IPA en|ælˈkældi; IPA es|alˈkalde), or Alcalde ordinario, is the traditional Spanish municipal magistrate, who had both judicial and administrative functions. An alcalde was, in the absence of a corregidor, the presiding officer of the Castilian… …   Wikipedia

  • Alcalde — (deutsch: Alkalde) ist die spanische Amtsbezeichnung eines Bürgermeisters einer Stadt. Gemeindevorsteher sonstiger Ortschaften werden in Spanien Alcalde pedáneo genannt. Im deutschen Sprachgebrauch wird der Titel in deutscher und spanischer… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • alcalde — ALCÁLDE s.m. v. alcade. Trimis de cata, 13.09.2007. Sursa: DEX 98  ALCÁLDE s.m. v. alcade. Trimis de LauraGellner, 13.09.2007. Sursa: DN  !alcálde s.m., pl. alcálzi …   Dicționar Român

  • alcalde — [alkald] n. m. ÉTYM. 1576, l alcalde de Saint Sébastien; mot esp., « maire ». ❖ ♦ Rare. ⇒ Alcade. 0 À ce moment là, tout le village accourait. Tout le monde. C était comme une fête. Il y avait la musique, il y avait l alcalde, et la garde civile… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Alcalde — Alcalde, NM U.S. Census Designated Place in New Mexico Population (2000): 377 Housing Units (2000): 138 Land area (2000): 0.512717 sq. miles (1.327932 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.512717 sq …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Alcalde, NM — U.S. Census Designated Place in New Mexico Population (2000): 377 Housing Units (2000): 138 Land area (2000): 0.512717 sq. miles (1.327932 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.512717 sq. miles… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Alcalde — Al*cal de, n. [Sp. alcalde, fr. Ar. al q[=a]d[=i] judge, fr. qada to decide, judge. Hence, the cadi of the Turks. Cf. {Cadi}.] A magistrate or judge in Spain and in Spanish America, etc. Prescott. [1913 Webster] Note: Sometimes confounded with… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Alcalde — (span., aus dem arabischen al Kadi entstanden), in Spanien 1) überhaupt obrigkeitliche u. richterliche Person; bes. 2) in einer Stadt; dem französischen Maire entsprechend; dagegen Alcaldr de Aldea, Dorfrichter; Alcalde de Corte, Hofrichter. Auch …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Alcalde — (aus dem arab. al Kadi), in Spanien die erste Gemeindeobrigkeit und zugleich Richter; alcalde de aldea, Dorfrichter, – de corte, Hofrichter, – de barrio Polizeicommissär einer Stadt …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • alcalde — desa ‘Primera autoridad de un municipio’. El femenino es alcaldesa: «Le interesaba tomar el poder y ser alcaldesa» (Tiempos [Bol.] 19.1.97). No debe usarse como común en cuanto al género (→ género2, 1a): ⊕ la alcalde …   Diccionario panhispánico de dudas